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Lansing Community College Library

STARS: Students Tackle Academic Research Skills: Evaluating Sources

Learn how to locate credible and reliable information using library resources.

By the end of this section, you'll be able to:

Critically evaluate sources for relevance to your topic.

CRAAP Test - Evaluation Criteria

Evaluate your information using the CRAAP test. Based on what you discover, go back and research some more.

Currency

How new (or old) is the information? 
Is the information out of date for your topic?
Relevance
Does the information address your topic, thesis and supporting arguments? 
Is it at an appropriate level (i.e not too elementary or too advanced?)
Authority
Who wrote the information? Individual or institution? Are they credible?
Are the author's credentials or qualifications given?
Is there author's contact information?
Accuracy
Is the information consistent with other sources? 
Does the information seem biased?
Are there spelling or grammar mistakes?
Purpose
Why was the information created? To persuade? To educate? To sell something?
Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions clear?
Are there political, cultural, institutional or personal biases and opinions?

Skepticism in the Era of Fake News and Circular Reporting

Online Verification Skills

Series of videos about online verification skills by Michael Caulfield.

Do

Fact Checking Websites

Evaluating News Sources