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Peer review (also called Refereeing) is the process an author goes through to get an article published in a journal.
Let's say you are an expert in a particular field. You write an article and submit it to a journal. Your article goes through several steps before it may or may not be published.
1. Your article is read and scrutinized by colleagues who are experts in your field. This editorial review is done by your peers in the field.
2. Your article is judged by this panel of expert peers and they act as referees, deciding whether your article adds to the literature or enhances the knowledge within your field.
3. If your article passes this editorial peer review / refereeing, your article is published.
4. All the articles in that journal go through the same process so that journal is peer reviewed / refereed.
|Audience||General||Scholars, researchers or professionals. Academic or professional organizations usually publish journals.|
|Length & Focus||Shorter articles which cover a wide range of topics. Research and current trends are broadly summarized.||
Longer, in-depth articles that cover case studies and research reports and often include a list of references. Contain few photographs or advertisements.
Learn about the format of a scholarly article with Anatomy of a Scholarly Article
|Review Process||Reviewed by magazine editorial staff.||
Before some journal articles are published, they are reviewed by an editorial board, peer reviewed or refereed. This means the contents are evaluated by others in the field prior to being published.
Learn about the peer review process with the video, Peer Review in 3 Minutes.
US News & World Report
Journal of the American Medical Association
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