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English 127 - Business Writing: Evaluating Information

Introduction to library resources for Business Writing students.

CRAAP Test - Evaluation Criteria

Evaluate your information using the CRAAP test. Based on what you discover, go back and brainstorm and re-search some more.

C urrency
How new (or old) is the information? 
Is the information out of date for your topic?
R elevance
Does the information address your topic, thesis and supporting arguments? 
Is it at an appropriate level (i.e not too elementary or too advanced?)
A uthority
Who wrote the information? Individual or institution? Are they credible?
Are the author's credentials or qualifications given?
Is there author's contact information?
A ccuracy
Is the information consistent with other sources? 
Does the information seem biased?
Are there spelling or grammar mistakes?
P urpose
Why was the information created? To persuade? To educate? To sell something?
Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions clear?
Are there political, cultural, institutional or personal biases and opinions?


Your Turn to Evaluate

Practice evaluating websites with the Website Evaluator.

Magazines vs. Journals

  Magazines Journals
Audience General Scholars, researchers or professionals. Academic or professional organizations usually publish journals.
Length & Focus Shorter articles which cover a wide range of topics. Research and current trends are broadly summarized.

Longer, in-depth articles that cover case studies and research reports and often include a list of references. Contain few photographs or advertisements.

Learn about the format of a scholarly article with Anatomy of a Scholarly Article

Review Process Reviewed by magazine editorial staff.

Before some journal articles are published, they are reviewed by an editorial board, peer reviewed or refereed. This means the contents are evaluated by others in the field prior to being published.

Learn about the peer review process with the video, Peer Review in 3 Minutes.



Rolling Stone

US News & World Report

image of cover of Time magazine

English Studies

Communication Research

Journal of the American Medical Association